Pollution and protection of the hottest hydraulic

2022-09-21
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Pollution and protection of hydraulic oil

whether the hydraulic oil is clean not only affects the working performance of the hydraulic system and the service life of hydraulic components, but also directly relates to whether the hydraulic system can work normally. Most faults of hydraulic system are related to the pollution of hydraulic oil, so it is very important to control the pollution of hydraulic oil

1. The reasons why hydraulic oil is polluted are mainly in the following aspects:

(1) the sand, chips, abrasives, welding slag, rust flakes, dust and other dirt in the pipes and hydraulic components of the hydraulic system are not cleaned before the system is used. When the hydraulic system is working, these dirt enter the hydraulic oil

(2) external dust, sand, etc. enter the hydraulic oil through the reciprocating telescopic piston rod and the oil leakage flowing back to the oil tank during the working process of the hydraulic system. In addition, dust, lint, etc. will enter the hydraulic oil if you don't pay attention to it. According to the newly released "energy saving and new energy vehicle technology circuit diagram" (3) the hydraulic system itself also constantly produces dirt, which directly enters the hydraulic oil, such as wear particles of metal and sealing materials, particles or fibers falling off the filter materials, and colloids formed by high oxidation and deterioration of the oil due to high oil temperature rise

2. The harm of oil pollution

when the hydraulic oil pollution is serious, it will directly affect the working performance of the hydraulic system, make the hydraulic system often fail, and shorten the service life of hydraulic components. The main reason for these hazards is the particles in the dirt. For hydraulic components, as these solid particles enter the components, the sliding part of the components will be worn more seriously, and the throttle hole and damping hole in the hydraulic components may be blocked, or the valve element may be stuck, resulting in the failure of the hydraulic system. The mixing of water and air reduces the lubricating capacity of hydraulic oil, accelerates its oxidation and deterioration, produces cavitation, accelerates the corrosion of hydraulic components, and makes the hydraulic system vibrate and crawl

3. Measures to prevent pollution

the causes of hydraulic oil pollution are that the resistance of riding road decreases by more than 27% and complex, and the hydraulic oil itself is constantly producing dirt, so it is very difficult to completely solve the problem of hydraulic oil pollution. In order to prolong the service life of hydraulic components and ensure the reliable operation of hydraulic system, it is a more practical method to control the pollution degree of hydraulic oil within a certain limit. The pollution control of hydraulic oil mainly starts from two aspects: one is to prevent pollutants from invading the hydraulic system; The second is to clear the invaded pollutants out of the system. Pollution control should run through the design, manufacture, installation, use, maintenance and repair of the whole hydraulic device

in order to prevent oil pollution, the following measures should be taken in actual work:

(1) keep the hydraulic oil clean before use. Hydraulic oil will be polluted by the outside world in the process of transportation and storage. The newly bought hydraulic oil looks very clean, but it is actually very "dirty". It must be put into the hydraulic system after being filtered for use after a few days

(2) keep the hydraulic system clean after assembly and before operation. The hydraulic components must be cleaned in the process of processing and assembly. The hydraulic system should be thoroughly cleaned after assembly and before operation. It is best to clean it with the oil used in the work of the system. During cleaning, the oil tank must be sealed except for the vent hole (with dust cover), and the seals must not have fins and burrs

(3) make the hydraulic oil regenerate in the work. The advantages of the plastic granulator also make it continue to develop and keep clean. The hydraulic oil will be polluted by the environment during the working process, so try to prevent the invasion of air and moisture during the work. In order to completely eliminate the invasion of water, gas and pollutants, a sealed oil tank is adopted, and an air filter is added to the vent hole to prevent the invasion of dust, abrasive and coolant. The seals and capsules in the accumulator are regularly checked and replaced

(4) use a suitable oil filter. This is an important means to control hydraulic oil pollution. According to the requirements of the equipment, oil filters with different filtering methods, different accuracy and different structures should be selected in the hydraulic system, and the oil filters and oil tanks should be checked and cleaned regularly

(5) change the hydraulic oil regularly. Before replacing with new oil, the oil tank must be cleaned first. When the system is dirty 2. Load accuracy: 0.01%, it can be cleaned with kerosene and filled with new oil after being drained

(6) control the working temperature of hydraulic oil. The working temperature of hydraulic oil is too high, which is unfavorable to the hydraulic device. The hydraulic oil itself will also accelerate the deterioration, produce various products, and shorten its service life. Generally, the working temperature of hydraulic system is best controlled at 65 ℃? The hydraulic system of the machine tool should be controlled below 55 ℃

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